Resources: Books

Noted educators, Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick, define and describe 16 types of intelligent behavior in their four book series, Habits of Mind: A Developmental Series, published in 2000 by the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development in Alexandria, VA.

Habits of Mind aid students in school and adults in everyday life as they are challenged by problems, dilemmas, paradoxes, and enigmas for which the solutions are not immediately apparent. Drawing on the Habits of Mind means knowing how to behave intelligently when you don't know the answers. It means not only having information, but also knowing how to act on it.

Discovering and Exploring Habits of Mind (Book 1 of 4)


This groundbreaking book introduces you to an approach that guides students in how to think and behave intelligently when they encounter problems and challenges in learning and in life.

Discover 16 habits of mind and understand the significance of developing these habits as part of lifelong learning. Explore how the habits of mind help ensure that curriculum outcomes relate to enduring, essential learnings. Understand how good habits of mind relate to success in the workplace and in life outside school.

(ASCD Premium Member book, 2000) 6" x 9", 108 pages.

Activating and Engaging Habits of Mind (Book 2 of 4)

The second book of ASCD’s popular Habits of Mind series offers you specific, classroom-tested strategies for teaching 16 habits of mind that are essential to lifelong learning. Included in this practical guide are:

  • Five kinds of teacher response behaviors that encourage students to experience and practice good habits of mind
  • Linguistic tools and strategies that enhance students’ awareness and performance of intelligent behaviors
  • Questioning techniques that engage students and motivate them to learn
  • Visual tools and graphic organizers that activate investigation and problem solving

Explore real-life examples of how to design units, lessons, and tasks that help students learn and apply academic concepts, including specific tips for core subject-area classes such as math and reading. And get all the steps you need to start using the habits of mind in your classroom right away.

(ASCD book, 2000) 6" x 9", 167 pages.

Assessing and Reporting on Habits of Mind (Book 3 of 4)

The third book in ASCD's popular Habits of Mind series explains how to assess and report on students' progress in developing and using 16 habits of mind that are essential to lifelong learning. Explore numerous classroom-proven approaches that help your school teams cultivate a more thoughtful culture, including:

  • Ways to encourage students to reflect on their thinking and behavior;
  • Clues that students are developing and using the habits of mind;
  • Examples of portfolios, scoring rubrics, and tasks that assess students' mastery of intelligent behaviors;
  • Classroom data that help teachers create curriculum and instruction that support the habits of mind;
  • Strategies for reporting about students' progress in the habits of mind; and
  • Steps to beginning a schoolwide assessment program that guides students in becoming self-evaluative.

(ASCD book, 2000) 6" x 9", 136 pages.

Integrating and Sustaining Habits of Mind (Book 4 of 4)

Book 4 of ASCD's popular Habits of Mind series explains how communities, departments, teams, school districts, and school faculties can integrate the 16 habits of mind into school culture and sustain them. These habits are essential for everyday success and lifelong learning.

  • Insights from the editors and examples from actual practitioners offer a wealth of practical tips, including
  • Strategies for bringing the habits of mind to life in any type of learning community
  • Tips on creating shared vision and getting started
  • How to support the habits through leadership practices, staff development, and curriculum

(ASCD book, 2000) 6" x 9", 107 pages.

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