The 2006 Summer Institute emphasizes how to develop lessons, units, and courses across the curriculum that infuse critical and creative thinking skills and habits of mind into content instruction. Such changes enhance deep content understanding, improve critical and creative thinking, help to develop reading and writing skills, and elevate test performance.

Program Structure


The workshop will focus on significant ways to bring thinking into regular classrooms in Primary, Secondary and JC levels. It will provide participants with a framework for designing and teaching lesson which infuse instructions in specific critical and creative thinking skills into standard content instruction and which also emphasise the development of important mental habits. The thinking skills that will be emphasized include analytical thinking skills, critical and creative thinking skills and effective problem solving/decision making skills. The habits of mind that will be emphasized include such mental habits as open-mindedness, empathy with other points of view and intellectual persistence. Lessons will be demonstrated, sample lessons will be provided, instructional strategies illustrated and lesson design materials will be made available to the participants. Participants will have opportunities to design their own lessons to implement the ideas being presented in this module.

We will;

Identify thinking skills and habits of mind that are important to student’s intellectual development.
Develop and use a powerful framework for lesson design that infuses direct instructions in thinking skills and habits of mind into content construction.
Identify and learn how to use instructional tools and strategies that facilitate thinking skill instruction in content lessons. (eg. Effective questioning techniques, graphic organizers, thinking strategy maps, thoughtful writing templates, metacognitive prompts).
There will be three afternoon breakouts in this module;

  1. Classroom strategies for thinking skill instruction
  2. Teaching for habits of mind
  3. Thinking-based reading and writing instruction

Art Costa, Emeritus Professor of Education at Sacramento State University, and former President of the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD). Co-author of Teaching and Assessing Habits of Minds, Assessment in the Learning Organization, Cognitive Coaching, and Techniques for Teaching Thinking; editor of Developing Minds.

Rebecca Reagan, Lubbock, Texas Independent School District, specialist on reading, writing, & thinking. Co-author of Infusion Lessons: Teaching Critical & Creative Thinking in Language Arts, Grades 5 - 6.

Robert Swartz, Emeritus Professor, U. Mass./Boston, Director, the National Center for Teaching Thinking. Co-author of Teaching Thinking: Issues and Approaches, the lesson-design handbook series for the elementary and secondary grades, Infusing Critical and Creative Thinking into Content Instruction, and the Infusion Lessons series of nine books, Gr. 1 - 6, Language Arts, Social Studies and Science.

The National Centre for Teaching Thinking (NCTT) provides and supports high quality consulting services for schools, school districts and colleges on projects related to infusing the teaching of thinking into content instruction. Robert Swartz directs the centre. Art Costa and David Perkins are on the Board of Directors. In 1994, NCTT was the sponsor of the Sixth International Conference on Thinking held at MIT. NCTT is located in Newton Centre Boston Massachusetts, USA.

The Art Costa Centre For Thinking was established to promote and sustain the teaching and practice of the habits of mind.The centre aims to engage students, teachers, parents and business organisations in making habits of mind relevant and effective in the classroom, home and workplace.The goals of the centre is to provide learning resources, seminars, workshops and long-term staff development programmes to achieve the aims. In addition, the centre supports research through the creation of a community of learners and a network of schools and other institutions who are using the habits of mind.

Hwa Chong Institution (HCI) is Singapore's premier independent school. HCI was established in 2005 with the merger of The Chinese High School (CHS) and Hwa Chong Junior College (HCJC). The merger of 2 of the nation's top schools was to facilitate the implementation of a truly seamless and broad-based 6-year Integrated Programme. HCI's vision is to become a world-class institution of leaders. Our mission is to develop leaders for the nation. To date, the institution has produced 46 President's Scholars, the highest number among all junior colleges in Singapore.